Productivity rose in both agriculture and industry. 5 pillars of faith . Justinian and the Byzantine Empire. 3. - 1450. In response to increasing demand in Afro-Eurasia for foreign luxury goods, crops were transported from their indigenous homelands to equivalent climates in. The Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea were trade hubs bringing … Development of the moldboard plow and the three field system. Zhou- Feudalism, Qin- Authoritarian, Han- Bureaucracy. KEY CONCEPT 3.1: EXPANSION & INTENSIFICATION of COMMUNICATION & EXCHANGE NETWORKS Although Afro-Eurasia and the Americas remained separate from one another, this era witnessed a deepening and widening of old and new networks of human interaction within and across regions. -10th CENTURY. Changes in trade networks resulted from and stimulated increasing productive capacity, with important implications for social and gender structures and environmental processes. 3. Between 650 C.E. - 105 million in 1500 C.E. Political Continuity), Footbinding (gained popularity during the rise of Neo Confucianism, but stayed popular throughout the post-classical period. 2 December 2012 Architecture was one of the ideas that spread throughout the continents as well.... ...Anna Correa Empires collapsed and were reconstituted; in some regions new state forms emerged. This is very heavy in trade and inter-connectivity. (2011 COMPARE-CONTRAST ESSAY TOPIC) (2014 COMPARE CONTRAST ESSAY). the Aztecs and Incas) but Islam dominates the imperial and trade aspects of the Postclassical time period. jihab was struggle. promoted the god allah . The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of 600 C.E. The Umayyad rose and fell with the rise of the Abbasid, cementing the Middle East as the center for trade. When Arab conquerors introduced the Islamic faith into northern Africa, they expanded the region of commerce. • Must address both change and continuity within the time period. Unit II: 600-1450 2. The “Post-Classical Period,” was a time of change, expansion, and vast cultural diffusion. MM/DB A. Continuity and change: The Post Classical Period spread of Islam Shonell Maynard 1. 2. The mandation and promotion of the religion by local kinship clans resulted in a rise of population in the Islamic faith throughout post-classical Africa. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized. Nomadic threats (attack on North China by nomads were constant throughout the post-classical period. The Post-Classical Era Unit 3 ... Changes and Continuities What aspects of civilization have changed in a region from the previous time period? Key Changes and/or Continuities in theme from previous period The Bantu speaking peoples began to create distinct societies.They organized themselves without any formal political specialists at all. While cities in general continued to play the roles they had played in the past as governmental, religious, and commercial centers, many older cities declined at the same time that numerous new cities emerged to take on these established roles. In the Americas, as in Afro-Eurasia, state systems expanded in scope and reach: Networks of city-states flourished in the Maya region and, at the end ofthis period, imperial systems were created by the Mexica (“Aztecs”) and Inca. Social and gender structures evolved in response to these changes. What was it like in two post-classical periods, of North Africa and Southwest Asia? Fraticelli Collectively Andean societies lacked currency, a written language and solid draft animals enjoyed by … Innovations in transportation, state policies, and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies. Continuities from the classical to the post-classical period are represented by the larger empires that arose from earlier ones and the spread of classical religions like Christianity and Buddhism. Islam offered many attractions such as equality of Muslims within a community and a mystical relationship with one God which appealed to both the rulers and the people, yet became extremely diverse, as Islam spread throughout the Sahara and into Ghana, mixing with Animistic ideas of royal cults. There was continued diffusion of crops and pathogens throughout the Eastern Hemisphere along the trade routes. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Thesis. Continuities: Religion continued to be important in societies and continued to spread. Analyze the cultural and political changes AND continuities in China during the last centuries of the classical era (100 CE - 600 CE). The changes that took place were seen to be the evolutionary step between the two historical periods and contributed to the continuity of Classical Times through the Hellenistic Times. to 1450 C.E.). The Classical period itself lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. The post-classical era was the beginning of a lack of centralized government. However, it would be inaccurate to categorize either gender as monolithic when talking about civilizations that spanned thousands of miles over the course of a millennium. to 600 C.E. states and political ideas- Basically there was a huge change in politics. Major events that caused change: • Islam emerges; Islamic empire emerges ... Continuities and breaks within the period … This led to the development of Classical style. There were objections to its lack of depth and to the use of decoration and ornamentation for their own sake. Consequently, the laws that followed this faulty perception led to the subordination of women throughout the whole of the post-classical era. 3.3 Increased economic productive capacity and its consequences THE WORLD CHANGES During the post classical time international trade developed far beyond the capacity of the old Silk Road. ...Tamara Sevilla . What caused this change to happen? ...The Rise of Islam in Post-Classical Africa China - China - Social, political, and cultural changes: The years from the 8th century bce to 221 bce witnessed the painful birth of a unified China. Arabia was a name applied to the area in which the Arabian Peninsula was situated by the Greek historian Herodotus, and it was turned into a province, by the expanding Roman Empire, in 106 B.C.E. Islam’s influence changed the Hindu way of life and cultural unity between these and other civilizations began. Prior to the arrival of Islam, Africa existed mainly as stateless societies which had strong political power residing in ruling families, while keeping connections to other societies through the use of a common language and religious beliefs. This body of thought perceived the idea of patriarchy as a given, established millennia ago, undeniable, unquestionable, and lastly, necessary. Whether or not a woman could hold onto their dowry or even control the inheritance of their male counterpart generated similarities between China and the Islamic world after 600 CE. As in the previous period, social structures were largely shaped by class and caste hierarchies, although patriarchy persisted. Click for more info on Polynesian Migrations . The Effects of the Expansion in the Post-Classical Period: The Islamic Civilization This is remedied by the little change each civilization expressed toward women. China in the Post-Classical Period: 600 c.e – 1450 c.e. 3. in southwest asia during the post classical period there were more changes in culture because they took the region Islam. It spread quickly through practices of trade, warfare, and diffusion characteristic of this period. In North Africa, women were actually deemed high in their society. Surprisingly, women in post-classical North Africa even created their own military units. Chinese women were. What are the ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on - id: 4d8210-NDY1O The Indian Ocean is also super important in a way that we will call "Southernization" -- the world becoming more "Eastern". Women tended to the children and were responsible for domestic house chores. When Muslims and Mongols take center stage. There are some reconstituted empires from previous time periods (think Byzantines and Tangs), and some Feudal developments in Europe and Japan and some empires worth discussing in the Americas (i.e. About the first millennium B.C.E, the Bedouin- Arabs engaged in caravan trade, and became... ...THE CLASSICAL PERIOD (1775-1825) and 1450 C.E. The results were unprecedented concentrations of wealth and the intensification of cross-cultural exchanges. The Classical Age balance of power disintegrated and new emerging political powers grew to control the remaining trade routes and cities of antiquity. Bach and G.F. Handel. Through the Post Classical era a cycle of civilizations continued until Spanish contact. Rising productivity supported population growth and urbanization but also strained environmental resources and at times caused dramatic demographic swings. The connections allowed for trading between stateless societies, meaning that by the post-classical period, Islam was able to spread through the use of established trade routes. This style is most evident in keyboard and orchestral music, but it is mentioned here because it represented a transition from the Baroque to the Classical era, occurring between 1725 and 1770. Islam is a very prominent religion in the world for its profound values and principles. The movement of peoples caused environmental and linguistic effects. However, Aristophanes portrays him as an atheist who practices sophistry along with a number of different crimes. The Postclassical Era => Regional and Transregional Interactions ca 600 C.E. ; Indian 300 C.E. One sprouts out of a cave in the Arabian desert. The dowry that women were required to produce was able to be kept in the event of... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. However, trade networks transformed the Afro-Eurasian world most significantly through … Trade systems from the post-classical period of 600-1450 had a profound influence from the component events of political, social, and economic within Afro-Eurasia. The expansion of EMPIRES facilitated Trans-Eurasian trade and communication as new peoples were drawn into their conquerors’ economies and trade networks. . But was it like that in post-classical societies long ago? Welcome to the Post-classical time period . The post-classical era was the time marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire to the beginning of the Age of Exploration. 1. Foundations (8000 – 600bce) Classical (600bce – 600ce) Post Classical (600ce – 1450ce) Changes & Continuities Changes & Continuities will begin to play an important role in the examination of World History. Similarly, music in the Rococo style is homophonic and light in texture, melodic, and elaborately ornamented. I call this era, Muslims & Mongols. compare the changes and continuities in southeast Asia as a result of the development of islam . • Both change & continu-ity must be qualified. The dynamics of change and continuity across world history Major changes: Classical empires fall leaving 1. Environmental Change. What political continuities persisted in China during the Post-Classical era? Cultural unity became one of the leading characteristics of the Empire. Read about the continuities and changes between the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire and complete guided practice. The... ...Today, in our modern society, women are treated more or less equally with men. Throughout post-classical Africa, the promotion of Islamic power took place through the mandation of the religion by local kinship rulers, the diffusion of religious art in overseas trade, and the importance of the economic relationship between Sudanic states in the expansion of Islam. Global 9H Social Change. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. They made decisions, resolved conflicts, and maintained order by using kinship structures or lineage principles supplemented by age grades, which joined men of a particular generation together across various … Byzantine society continued to adapt to the Roman system with sturdy military organization However, Byzantine society also followed the post classical period pattern of having centralized imperial authority. From 600 to 1400 C.E., two essential trade routes of the Post-Classical world were the Silk Roads and that of the Indian Ocean Basin, which were both vast networks of many ancient routes linking various destinations within their intricate systems of trade and exchange. What happens, though, when all the largest empires fall? However, life styles and interactions changed with the introduction of Islam in the Post Classical period. Some historians argue that the Mongols invasion was the most significant change brought on by trade networks during the Post-Classical Era. The Islamic Civilization encountered the cultures of the Europeans, Asians and Africans, and connected into these civilizations because of the spread of the Muslim religion. Political Continuity? AP WORLD HISTORY: Post-Classical World (600 TO 1450 CE) Nature and causes of changes in the world history framework leading up to 600--1450 CE as a period. brought cultural, political, and economic continuities and changes to these societies. - 1450 C.E.) 4. They were not given much freedom, considering their only purpose in life... ...AP World History~Fall Semester Performance Final Exam ), Confucianism (Confucianism stayed a major part of the Chinese bureaucracy. The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples who cultivated transplanted foods and domesticated animals as they moved to new islands (See the video below for the Polynesian story). to 600 C.E. They were considered inferior being and were not allowed to hold governmental or social positions. People question whether or not Plato exaggerated the character of Socrates in an effort to gain sympathy for him, while others question if Aristophanes wrote the book The Clouds to slander Socrates’ character. The Little Ice Age is tied directly to the decline in urban population. Bedouin or nomadic societies inhabited the Arabian Peninsula as well, with a culture based on goat and camel herding. He meets a farmer named Strepsiades who is willing to learn sophistry in an effort to avoid paying his debts. B. In the middle of the eighteenth century, contemporaneous with the mature years of Bach and Handel, a new musical style developed that is known as Rococo or preclassical style. Byzantine Empire. The coming of Islam did not change the roles of women in North Africa much. The Sassanid Empire served as the revival of the Persian Empire from 244-651 C.E., Persian traditions had endured during this time period and kinships as well as Zoroastrian religion were part of their everyday life. The Postclassical time period accounts for 20% of the AP Exam, so pay close attention to the following . The greatest continuities seen from the classical to the post-classical are seen in China and Persia. Interactions between Humans and the Environment. Describe how government officials were selected during this time period. In France, the term for this was style galant (gallant or elegant style) and in Germany empfindsamer stil (sensitive style). Cross-cultural exchanges were fostered by the intensification of existing, or the creation of new, networks of trade and communication. After Strepsiades swears by all gods that he’ll pay Socrates any fee in exchange for his teaching of sophistry, Socrates replies: “What do you mean, ‘the gods’? Differences and Continuities of Gender Roles across Societies. . The Islamic civilization is a group that emerged from the Semitic groups of southwestern Asia, and moved to the Arabian peninsula in tribes, known as the Bedouin tribes, due to lack of water and food. What change occurred to the Chinese population during this time? C. Free peasants resisted attempts to raise dues and taxes by staging revolts. Agricultural production increased significantly due to technological innovations (Champa rice varieties, chinampa field systems, Waru waru agricultural techniques in the Andean areas, Improved terracing techniques, horse collar). Pastoral or nomadic groups played a key role in creating and sustaining these networks. Each of these trade routes yielded extremely numerous effects and implications for the future that would affect life on earth for many years to come—and these effects are similar for the major trade routes of the Silk Roads and the Indian Ocean Basin with social regards to the fact that both routes majorly influenced the significant spread of religions and, thus, cultures; however, the effects are very different with regards to the resulting opportunities for cross-cultural encounters due to the fact that the Silk Road’s spreading of epidemic disease diminished these encounters and the Indian Ocean Basin’s mastery of sailing techniques allowed for abundant trade to result in a rich plethora of cross-cultural exchange. The introduction of Islam to the Middle East and India from 622-1450 C.E. 1. II. He is the man in charge of the “Thinkery,” a school where students learned the teachings of sophistry; a way of using clever argument. classical era. François Couperin (1668-1733), in France, and two of the sons of J. S. Bach, C. P. E. Bach (1714-1788) and Johann Christian Bach (1735-1782), in Germany, were important composers of music in the Rococo style. Centralization eventually reoccured but not until many years later. Post-Classical China - After Han Dynasty China was broken up into three separate kingdoms - The Northern Zhou, The Chen, and The Northern Qi Throughout East Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism solidified a cultural identity. Chinese, 100 C.E. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. Besides the fact that some women were required to wear a veil and lead secluded lives, most freely talked with men and worked alongside them in society. -1000 CE. Changes and Continuities; Children's Section; Floor Plan; Post Classical Period (600 C.E. However, it was another story in Southwest Asia. Many women even took part in trade and market, becoming merchants in long-distance trading. Point # Official Description Commentary Examples and Commentary 1 Thesis Has acceptable thesis. While consistent and Expanding networks fostered greater interregional borrowing, while at the same time sustaining regional diversity. POST CLASSICAL (1200-1450) EARLY MODERN (1450-1750) MODERN PERIOD (1750-1900) CONTEMPORARY PERIOD (1900-PRESENT) AP WORLD PEOPLE TO KNOW; The Post Classical Period in AP WORLD: MODERN covers from 1200-1450 CE.
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